Born in Stockholm (Sweden), 1880

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Born in Sweden, painter and avant-garde filmmaker Viking Eggeling emigrated to Germany at the age of 17, where he became a bookkeeper, and also studied art history and painting. From 1911 to 1915 he lived in Paris, moving to Switzerland at the outbreak of World War I.

In Zurich he became a associated with the Dada movement, befriending f Hans Richter, Jean Arp, Tristan Tzara, and Marcel Janco. With the end of the Great War he moved to Germany with Richter where they both explored the depiction of movement, first in scroll drawings and then on film. In 1922 Eggeling bought a motion picture camera, and, working without Richter, sought to create a new kind of cinema.

In 1923 he showed a 10 minute film (now lost) based on an earlier scroll titled Horizontal-Vertical Orchestra. In the summer of 1923 he began work on Symphonie Diagonale. In this film, paper cut-outs and then tin foil figures were photographed one frame at a time. Completed in 1924, the film was shown for the first time (privately) on November 5. On May 3, 1925 it was presented to the public in Germany; sixteen days later Eggeling died in Berlin

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